Management of life-threatening allergies at school is focused primarily on prevention of exposure to known allergens. The school nurse will work with the student, family and teacher to develop a plan to minimize the likelihood of exposure throughout the school day. In addition, an emergency plan will be developed to ensure prompt and appropriate response in the event of anaphylaxis. Parents will notify the school nurse and provide an allergy action plan for a student with identified allergies.
The parent will bring medication to the school health office to have available in the event of an allergic reaction. A medication permission form or allergy emergency action plan must be completed and signed by the parent and the student’s physician on an annual basis.
The school nurse will notify school staff of the emergency allergy plan of any student identified with known life-threatening allergies.
Epinephrine auto-injectors and any other allergy medication will be sent with the student or appropriate staff if the student leaves the building on a field trip.
The school unit may supply each school building with an epinephrine auto-injector for students with unknown allergies who present with a life-threatening situation.
School personnel should be trained annually in the care of the student with allergies.
Epinephrine auto-injectors will be kept where it can be reached quickly.
The student’s parent and the school principal will be notified whenever an epinephrine auto-injector is used at school.
The epinephrine auto-injector should be used as follows:
Most epinephrine auto-injectors contain 0.3mg/0.3mi epinephrine for intramuscular use (use for the person over 66 pounds).
The junior epinephrine auto-injector contains 0.15mg/0.15 ml epinephrine for intramuscular use (use for person under 66 pounds).
Epinephrine auto-injectors may be used through clothing if necessary.
Remove the colored cap or top.
Place the colored tip on the thigh at a right angle to the leg (or follow directions on the epinephrine auto-injector insert.)
Press hard into the thigh until the auto-injector functions, count to ten and then remove the epinephrine auto-injector.
Everyone has the power to stop the spread of infections. There are key things that we all can do with minimal effort and no expense that offer great protection from any viral infections, including influenza:
Proper handwashing alone will reduce the likelihood of any viral infection by 50%! Wash your hands upon arrival to school, arrival back at home, before meals, after using the bathroom, and any time they are visibly soiled. Hands are the #1 infectious disease transmitter!!
Avoid close contact with anyone that is visibly ill….coughing, sneezing, etc. Droplets become airborne through coughing and sneezing and will travel about 3 feet to be inhaled by a nearby person. Remember, the correct method to contain germs is to cough and sneeze into your elbow or a tissue!
If you are really sick….stay home!! Symptoms of influenza (flu) and influenza-like illness (ILI) include fever (over 100 degrees), cough, sore throat, runny nose, muscle or body aches, headaches, fatigue, and sometimes vomiting and diarrhea (especially in children). Call your doctor or seek medical care if you have trouble breathing or are unable to eat or drink for more than a day. You should stay home for 24 hours after fever resolves without the use of medication.
Do not touch the T Zone! This is the area of your face that includes your eyes, nose and mouth. Remember it is the only portal of entry into the human body for all respiratory and stomach infections! If you must touch the T Zone (like to rub your eye, etc) wash your hands first, or use a barrier like a tissue.
Don’t hesitate to vaccinate! Be sure to stay up to date on all immunizations recommended by your health care provider. Get the flu vaccine every year. A flu shot received in the fall will offer protection until early spring! (Even if the vaccine is not 100% effective against a virus, it still may help to minimize the severity of illness!)
Thank you for doing your part to keep us all healthy during this cold and flu season!! If you have any questions or concerns please contact your school nurse or health care provider.